Internet2 is a consortium being led by 207 universities working in partnership with industry and government to develop and deploy advanced network applications and technologies, accelerating the creation of tomorrow's Internet. Internet2’s 100G backbone not only connects it’s domestic member institutions but also serves as a major hub to all international NREN partners.
AARNet Pty Ltd (APL) is the company that operates Australia's Academic and Research Network (AARNet). It is a not-for-profit company limited by shares. The shareholders are 37 Australian universities and the CSIRO. AARNet has been effective in making representations to government on policy, legislation, strategy and programs to improve the telecommunications facilities and services available not only to the education and research sector but also to the whole Australian community.
APAN (Asia-Pacific Advanced Network) is a non-profit international consortium established on 3 June 1997. APAN is designed to be a high-performance network for research and development on advanced next generation applications and services. APAN provides an advanced networking environment for the research and education community in the Asia-Pacific region, and promotes global collaboration.
CANARIE Inc. - Canada's advanced Internet development organization - is a not-for-profit corporation supported by its members, project partners and the Federal Government. CANARIE's mission is to accelerate Canada's advanced Internet development and use by facilitating the widespread adoption of faster, more efficient networks and by enabling the next generation of advanced products, applications and services to run on them.
The Energy Sciences Network, (ESnet) is a high-speed network serving thousands of Department of Energy scientists and collaborators worldwide. A pioneer in providing high-bandwidth, reliable connections, ESnet enables researchers at national laboratories, universities and other institutions to communicate with each other using the collaborative capabilities needed to address some of the world's most important scientific challenges.
JGN-X is the national research and experimental network in Japan. It focuses on the development of next generation network technologies, as well as the deployment and use of those advanced technologies on scientific big data transfer, disaster mitigation and ecosystem monitoring.
KREONET (Korea Research Environment Open NETwork) is a national R&D network, run by KISTI (Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information) and supported by Korean government, in particular MOST (Ministry Of Science & Technology) since 1988. For science and technology information exchange and supercomputing related collaboration, KREONET provides high-performance network services for Korean research and development community. Currently KREONET member institutions are over 230 organizations, which include 50 government research institutes, 72 universities, 15 industrial research laboratories, etc.
Metropolitan Research and Education Network (MREN) is a cooperative partnership, consisting of a consortium of organizations that undertakes mutually beneficial projects in order to provide advanced networking services and infrastructure to its constituencies. MREN's mission is to create advanced, innovative networking architecture, to implement state-of-the art infrastructure, and to provide for a wide range of advanced digital communication services in support of leading-edge research and educational applications. MREN was developed to support a wide range of advanced research applications requiring high-performance and high bandwidth, especially large-scale e-Science.
Pacific Wave is a International Peering Exchange Center, a project of the Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California (CENIC) and the Pacific Northwest Gigapop(PNWGP). Besides its original exchange points in Seattle, Sunnyvale and Los Angeles, the forth exchange point has been established in Tokyo, Japan, all interconnected by 100G facility. Once landing is made in any one of those exchange points, peering with NRENs in all four exchange points is available.
Singapore Advanced Research and Education Network (SingAREN) started as a national project funded by the government in 1997 to take on the challenge of ensuring that Singapore research and education (R&E) community is connected to the international R&E community. Being the national research and education network (REN), it has maintained network connectivity to the global Next Generation Internet (NGI) community such as Internet2 and APAN (Asia Pacific Advanced Network). Besides the direct connections to Japan, Korea and Hong Kong, SingAREN has a 100G connection with Internet2 in USA.
The Science, Technology, And Research Transit Access Point, or STAR TAP, and its optical exchange point StarLight, are persistent infrastructure funded by the National Science Foundation (awards ANI-9712283 and ANI-9980480) to facilitate the long-term interconnection and interoperability of advanced international networking. Managed by the Electronic Visualization Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Chicago, Math and Computer Science Division at Argonne National Laboratory and Ameritech Advanced Data Services, StarLight exists in support of applications, performance measuring and technology evaluations. StarLight connects with the Ameritech Network Access Point (NAP) in Chicago, and enables network traffic to flow to international collaborators from over 150 U.S. leading-edge research universities and institutions, including supercomputing centers.
SURFNet and NetherLight not only play the role of research and education network in Netherland, but also the most important exchange point in Europe. Since the starting of operation of the LHC facility, this exchange point serves as the main outlet of the huge LHC dataset to all international research partners.
Funded by European Union and its members, TEIN is the major international research and education network between Europe and Asia and connects Asian countries to GEANT. TEIN CC, which locates in Seoul, Korea, is now in charge of its operation.
Taiwan Internet Gateway (TWGATE) is an international ISP providing connections to governments and companies in Taiwan and many countries. It’s under sea cables reach America, Asia, Europe and Africa and provide peering and transit services to other ISPs.